PEMBUATAN KARBON AKTIF DARI KULIT DURIAN SEBAGAI ADSORBEN ZAT WARNA DARI LIMBAH CAIR TENUN SONGKET DENGAN AKTIVATOR NaOH

MAMMORIA, DARA CITA (2016) PEMBUATAN KARBON AKTIF DARI KULIT DURIAN SEBAGAI ADSORBEN ZAT WARNA DARI LIMBAH CAIR TENUN SONGKET DENGAN AKTIVATOR NaOH. Other thesis, POLITEKNIK NEGERI SRIWIJAYA.

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Abstract

Making of the activated carbon from durian shell as an adsorbent has been done for 4 months. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the concentration of NaOH solution in the activation of chemical characteristics of the activated carbon and for the application of activated carbon as dyes adsorbent liquid waste of songket weaving. Durian shell is cleaned and cut into pieces, and heated in the oven at 110⁰C for 2 hours, then at 500⁰C carbonization temperature for 2 hours. Activated carbon was produced by carbonication process result were crushed and sieve to powder’s size in 200 mesh. Chemical activation process of activated carbon from durian shell done by soaking the activated carbon in various concentration of NaOH solution at 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30% for 24 hours. The result carbon washed with aquadest until its neutral, after that analyzed the water content, ash content, absorption ability of the iodine solution, and activated carbon adsorption percentase of dyes. The optimum conditions on the characteristics activated carbon from durian shell obtained in this study is NaOH activator 25%, 0,994% water content, 2,303% ash content, adsorptive capacity of iodium is 831.261 mg/g , and for the aplication adsorbsion liquid waste of songket weaving is 70, 219% for 45 minutes.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Karbon Aktif, Kulit Durian, Zat Warna, Limbah Tenun Songket, Natrium Hidroksida
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Chemical Engineering > Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Trisni Handayani
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 03:04
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2017 03:04
URI: http://eprints.polsri.ac.id/id/eprint/4109

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